One can view the female reproductive system as one that starts externally and flows inward and upward. It starts with the opening of the vagina, which is a 6-inch-high tubular member that leads to the cervix and beyond. The cervix is a tissue that sometimes acts as a doorway between the vagina and the rest of the woman’s internals. The doorway of the cervix closes during the periods between menstrual periods. Above the cervix, one will find the Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and the womb or the uterus. Other parts exist but the previously mentioned parts are those that are involved mostly in the childbearing processes.
The Process of Conception
The male and the female have intercourse, and the male’s sperm enter the woman’s vagina when the male ejaculates. His sperm immediately starts the journey up to the cervical area, and the cervix catches or collects them. The sperm’s journey is challenging because all the sperm has to sift through the acidic nature of the vagina. The women mucus helps the sperm through their journey during fertile times, however. Some penetrate and make their way to the woman’s egg.
The ovaries release one egg per month during a process called ovulation. The egg only lives for up to 48 hours. The Fallopian tubes assist in moving the egg to the uterus. If the male’s sperm fertilizes it, the egg implants itself into the uterus and begins to grow immediately. The fetus stays in the womb until the time of conception, which is about 40 weeks later. If the sperm does not fertilize the egg, the body sheds it during the menstrual cycle. A woman’s reproductive system contains all of the eggs that she will ever have when she is born.