What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, also known as PCOS, is a hormonal disarray of a female’s reproductive system. Although the original cause of PCOS is not known, it is understood as a collection of fluid within the ovaries and as a result the ovaries become swollen and enlarged.
1 out of 10 women are diagnosed with PCOS during their reproductive years. Strangely though, PCOS is considered common among young women and still a large number of the female population goes undiagnosed.
Symptoms of PCOS?
PCOS affects each individual differently. If you have any of these symptoms you’ll need a medical professional to confirm the diagnosis. The female body inflicted with PCOS may experience:
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Nonexistent menstrual cycles
- Problems in ovulation
- An increase in weight gain
- Adult acne
- Facial hair
These symptoms are common for ladies who suffer from PCOS. However, some of these symptoms may not be related to PCOS.
How to diagnose PCOS?
It is important to contact your doctor if you suspect you may have PCOS. Your doctor will need to administer a test on the hormone levels within your blood. Expect to have an ultrasound completed during your visit. Your doctor will need to see your ovaries in order to confirm PCOS.
How to treat PCOS?
There is no known cure for PCOS. However, if you are trying to become pregnant your doctor may recommend medications which allow ovulation to occur. Your doctor may combine these medications along with other drugs that help to control insulin levels. By combining these drugs together, you may find your irregular menstrual cycles are restored which allows for easier prediction of ovulation. With some assistance many women with PCOS find they can become pregnant.
Every female body is different. Treatment for PCOS will address specific concerns and symptoms based on the individual.
Some women may need:
- Oral contraceptives to regulate their menstrual cycles.
- Surgery may be necessary for women who experience adhesions and unsuccessful attempts at pregnancy consistently.
- Healthy nutrition and counseling to manage weight. This will allow insulin levels to improve naturally.
Again, consult your medical professional to obtain a confirmed diagnosis of PCOS.