Types of Medications Related to Fertility Treatment

Heparin

When or why is it used? Heparin is taken to lower dangerously high levels of antiphospholipid antibodies — high levels of these antibodies can lead to recurrent pregnancy loss. Heparin is often taken concurrently with aspirin.

Clomiphene Citrate – Clomid, Serophene

When or why is it used? This basic fertility medication is employed when health tests show that the patient is experiencing irregular ovulation patterns, or if ovulation is occurring very early or very late in the cycle. A dose of clomiphene both increases egg production and regulates a patient’s ovulation timetable and luteal phase.

Dosage: Clomiphene comes in 50 milligram pills, and the American Society for Reproductive medicine recommends that doctors only supply patients with the medication for 3 to 6 cycles maximum. A typical prescription will call for one pill being ingested on the third, fourth and fifth days of the cycle, and every day for a five day period following that. If ovulation does not occur after this dosage ends, the doctor may increase the daily dosage all the way to 200 mg.

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

When and why is it used? A member of the growth hormones family, this medication is used to ready the body for assistive reproductive technology pregnancies such as intrauterine insemination or in vitro fertilization. It does this by encouraging egg and follicle production in the body.

Dosage: Like many other growth hormones, FSH must be injected into the body. Various types of the hormone, including Gonal F, are injected just below the skin on days two, three and four of the cycle. Doctors may adjust the patient’s dosage after surveying the results of tests such as ultrasounds and estrogen blood level analysis.

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin

When and why is it used? Women who do not regularly ovulate must have their follicle development artificially accelerated by Menopur in order to get pregnant. Human Menopausal Gonadotropin is also used to prepare women for in vitro fertilization.

Dosage: Dosage varies by patient and treatment schedule, but hMG comes in either 75 or 150 international unit vials and is injected just below the skin.

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonists

When and why is it used? These synthetic drugs encourage and then quickly suppress the body’s release of FSH and LH, creating a blank canvas for assisted reproductive technology surgeries. They can also be used to heal endometriosis infections, minimize fibroids, and prevent eggs from being released too early.

Dosage: There are both short-term and long-term forms of these drugs. The long-term variety is injected into the patient once a month, whereas the short-term variety comes in a nasal spray (Synarel) or a daily injection (Lupron).

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Antagonist

When and why is it used? This fertility medication drug hyperstimulates ovarian cycles to prepare the body for in vitro fertilization. It is also known by the name Ganirelix Acetate Injection and is considered an acetate.

Dosage: Typically given in combination with other drugs that stimulate similar processes, this medication is administered through injection on day eight of the cycle and continuously thereafter for several days.

Bromocriptine Mesylate and Cabergoline

When and why is it used? Also referred to by the names Parlodel and Dostinex, this fertility medication counteracts fertility problems caused by hyperprolactinemia, which is a condition that causes overproduction of a particular hormone in the male and female body. This medication returns prolactin reserves to normal levels.

Dosage: Although the medication comes in 2.5 milliliter tablets, most doctors recommend taking half a tab per day at first because the treatment may cause severe dizziness and mild sickness.

Progesterone

When and why is it used? This natural hormone is prescribed by doctors to improve the state of the uterine lining after ovulation. There are many different ways that progesterone can be taken: vaginally, orally, through an injection or even as part of a gel.