Novarel (HCG, or human chorionic gonadotropin) is a hormone that facilitates the healthy production of eggs in a female’s ovary. Likewise, it promotes natural and regular ovulation.
Novarel excels at regulating ovulation, combating female infertility, and boosting a male’s sperm count. Novarel can also be used to treat young boys suffering from pituitary gland disorder. This disorder is marked by the testicles not having descended with puberty.
What to Know About Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
When human chorionic gonadotropin is administered, it is either injected into the muscle or beneath the skin. If you’ve been authorized to administer the medication at home, you will be given detailed instructions on how to do so. It’s recommended that those who do not fully understand how to administer Novarel do not attempt injection.
Improperly administering Novarel can result in blood clotting, among other health complications. Signs of a blood clot include warmth, discomfort, pain, numbness, tingling, and redness in one or more extremities (arms or legs). Alert your physician immediately if you believe you could be suffering from a blood clot.
In rare cases, women using Novarel can develop OHSS (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome), most commonly following the first cycle of treatment. OHSS is a dangerous condition, and it should be treated as such. If you notice signs such as swelling in the legs or hands, significant pain in the pelvis, difficulty breathing, swelling and pain in the stomach, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty urinating, or weight gain, contact your physician right away.
Novarel can encourage the early onset of puberty in adolescent boys. Notify a health care professional if a younger boy taking Novarel exhibits signs of early puberty. These include hair growth in the pubic region, increased sweating/acne, and a lower tone of voice.
Additionally, Novarel has the potential to cause “multiple pregnancies,” such as twins or triplets. When a mother carries more than one child during pregnancy, she is at higher risk for health complications. Should you experience multiple pregnancies, pay special attention to your physician’s orders on special care during this time.
HCG is useful in helping struggling individuals conceive, but it is still considered a category X pregnancy medication by the FDA. When Novarel is taken during pregnancy, it can potentially trigger birth defects. This is why it’s imperative to stop taking Novarel as soon as pregnancy begins. Talk with your physician if you are taking Novarel and believe you’re pregnant.
What to Discuss with Your Physician Before Taking HCG
If HCG has ever caused an allergic reaction for you, it’s recommended that you do not use Novarel. Likewise, you shouldn’t take it if you have or have ever had the following:
Precocious puberty (also known as early onset of puberty); or
Cancer affecting hormones (for example: prostate cancer)
Notify your physician before taking Novarel if you have ever suffered from the following conditions:
Adrenal gland or thyroid disorder
Tumor or cancer of the uterus, ovary, hypothalamus, prostate, breast, or pituitary gland
Uterine bleeding that has yet to be diagnosed
Currently, research has been conclusive in determining whether or not Novarel can affect breast milk. If you are breastfeeding (or plan to breastfeed), tell your doctor right away before using Novarel.
How to Use Novarel
Your physician will tell you exactly how to use human chorionic gonadotropin. It’s imperative that you do not take it in larger doses than recommended, nor for longer than recommended. The prescription label on your Novarel medication will give you brief instructions on using it.
Novarel is designed to be injected into the muscle or beneath the skin. Under normal circumstances, your physician or regular healthcare provider will administer the treatment. After a considerable amount of time has passed, your physician may allow you to begin administering at home. It’s important that you do not attempt to self-inject unless you fully comprehend how to do so.
A disposable needle is meant for one-time usage only. Needles are to be disposed of in a puncture-proof receptacle. Your pharmacist can help you obtain one, and they’ll also inform you about how/where to discard it. This container should never be within reach of children or pets.
Your physician will schedule regular appointments for you in order to track your progress on Novarel. It’s important to attend every appointment.
HCG is provided in a number of forms. In some cases, it is already pre-loaded into disposable syringes for quick and easy injection. In other cases, it is provided in powder form. The powder typically comes with a liquid solution, and the two must be mixed together before injection. After they have been mixed, the new solution is drawn into a needle and then subsequently injected.
If you notice your Novarel medication contains foreign particles or has sustained a color change, notify your physician immediately. Do not take the possibly contaminated injectable.
Powder HCG should be stored at room temperature. Make sure it is not in contact with heat, moisture, or light. Once the powder is mixed with the liquid solution, it must then be refrigerated. After mixing has occurred, Novarel has a 30 day shelf life in the refrigerator. Novarel that has been mixed and unused for longer than 30 days should be thrown away.
What to Do After Missing a Dose
Tell your physician, and follow any instructions he/she might have for you.
What to Do in the Case of an Overdose
Immediately seek medical help if you believe you’ve taken too much Novarel. An HCG overdose is not believed to be life-threatening, but it’s imperative to notify a healthcare professional as soon as possible if one happens.
Are There Any Restrictions for Taking Novarel?
Your doctor will be able to inform you on certain activities, food, or beverages to avoid while taking Novarel.
Novarel Side Effects
Immediately cease using Novarel and notify your physician if you notice any of the following allergic reaction symptoms: difficulty in breathing, facial/oral/throat swelling, and/or hives. Also, signs of blood clotting should be immediately brought to your physician’s attention as well. The signs include numbness, tingling, discomfort, warmth, and/or pain in the extremities. Severe dizziness, headache, and confusion are also telltale signs of blood clotting.
Novarel has the potential to cause OHSS (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome). This condition can be fatal. Common signs of OHSS include:
Swelling in the legs or hands
Significant pain in the pelvis
Swelling and pain in the stomach
Also, HCG can encourage the early onset of puberty in adolescent boys. Notify a health care professional if a younger boy taking Novarel exhibits signs of early puberty. These include hair growth in the pubic region, increased sweating/acne, and a lower tone of voice.
OHSS can be accompanied by more mild symptoms including irritability, restlessness, depression, headache, irritation/swelling/discomfort at the site of injection, mild weight gain/swelling, swelling/tenderness in breasts.
Do Any Other Drugs Interact with Novarel?
At this time, the only drug known to affect HCG is ganirelix. Keep your doctor updated on all of your prescribed and OTC medications/supplements.